TIPS WORLD ВРАЗЛИВОСТІ

Trivy – A Simple And Comprehensive Vulnerability Scanner For Containers, Suitable For CI

A Simple and Comprehensive Vulnerability Scanner for Containers, Suitable for CI.

Abstract
Trivy (tri pronounced like trigger, vy pronounced like envy) is a simple and comprehensive vulnerability scanner for containers. A software vulnerability is a glitch, flaw, or weakness present in the software or in an Operating System. Trivy detects vulnerabilities of OS packages (Alpine, RHEL, CentOS, etc.) and application dependencies (Bundler, Composer, npm, yarn etc.). Trivy is easy to use. Just install the binary and you’re ready to scan. All you need to do for scanning is to specify an image name of container.
It is considered to be used in CI. Before pushing to a container registry, you can scan your local container image easily. See here for details.

Features

  • Detect comprehensive vulnerabilities
    • OS packages (Alpine, Red Hat Universal Base Image, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS, Debian and Ubuntu)
    • Application dependencies (Bundler, Composer, Pipenv, Poetry, npm, yarn and Cargo)
  • Simple
  • Easy installation
    • apt-get install, yum install and brew install is possible (See Installation)
    • No need for prerequirements such as installation of DB, libraries, etc. (The exception is that you need rpm installed to scan images based on RHEL/CentOS. This is automatically included if you use our installers or the Trivy container image. See Vulnerability Detection for background information.)
  • High accuracy
    • Especially Alpine Linux and RHEL/CentOS
    • Other OSes are also high
  • DevSecOps
    • Suitable for CI such as Travis CI, CircleCI, Jenkins, etc.
    • See CI Example

Installation

RHEL/CentOS
Add repository setting to /etc/yum.repos.d.

$ sudo vim /etc/yum.repos.d/trivy.repo
[trivy]
name=Trivy repository
baseurl=https://aquasecurity.github.io/trivy-repo/rpm/releases/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
$ sudo yum -y update
$ sudo yum -y install trivy

or

$ rpm -ivh https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy/releases/download/v0.1.6/trivy_0.1.6_Linux-64bit.rpm

Debian/Ubuntu
Add repository to /etc/apt/sources.list.d.

 $ sudo apt-get install wget apt-transport-https gnupg lsb-release
$ wget -qO - https://aquasecurity.github.io/trivy-repo/deb/public.key | sudo apt-key add -
$ echo deb https://aquasecurity.github.io/trivy-repo/deb $(lsb_release -sc) main | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/trivy.list
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install trivy

or

$ sudo apt-get install rpm
$ wget https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy/releases/download/v0.1.6/trivy_0.1.6_Linux-64bit.deb
$ sudo dpkg -i trivy_0.1.6_Linux-64bit.deb

Arch Linux
Package trivy-bin can be installed from the Arch User Repository. Examples:

pikaur -Sy trivy-bin

or

yay -Sy trivy-bin

Homebrew
You can use homebrew on macOS.

$ brew install aquasecurity/trivy/trivy

Binary (Including Windows)
Get the latest version from this page, and download the archive file for your operating system/architecture. Unpack the archive, and put the binary somewhere in your $PATH (on UNIX-y systems, /usr/local/bin or the like). Make sure it has execution bits turned on.
You also need to install rpm command for scanning images based on RHEL/CentOS.

From source

$ mkdir -p $GOPATH/src/github.com/aquasecurity
$ cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/aquasecurity
$ git clone https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy
$ cd trivy/cmd/trivy/
$ export GO111MODULE=on
$ go install

You also need to install rpm command for scanning images based on RHEL/CentOS.

Quick Start
Simply specify an image name (and a tag). The latest tag should be avoided as problems occur with cache.. See Clear image caches.

Basic

$ trivy [YOUR_IMAGE_NAME]

For example:

$ trivy python:3.4-alpine

Result

2019-05-16T01:20:43.180+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-16T01:20:53.029+0900 INFO Detecting Alpine vulnerabilities...

python:3.4-alpine3.9 (alpine 3.9.2)
===================================
Total: 1 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 1, HIGH: 0, CRITICAL: 0)

+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| openssl | CVE-2019-1543 | MEDIUM | 1.1.1a-r1 | 1.1.1b-r1 | openssl: ChaCha20-Poly1305 |
| | | | | | with long nonces |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+------------------- -------------+

Docker
Replace [YOUR_CACHE_DIR] with the cache directory on your machine.

$ docker run --rm -v [YOUR_CACHE_DIR]:/root/.cache/ aquasec/trivy [YOUR_IMAGE_NAME]

Example for macOS:

$ docker run --rm -v $HOME/Library/Caches:/root/.cache/ aquasec/trivy python:3.4-alpine

If you would like to scan the image on your host machine, you need to mount docker.sock.

$ docker run --rm -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock \
-v $HOME/Library/Caches:/root/.cache/ aquasec/trivy python:3.4-alpine

Please re-pull latest aquasec/trivy if an error occurred.

Result

2019-05-16T01:20:43.180+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-16T01:20:53.029+0900 INFO Detecting Alpine vulnerabilities...

python:3.4-alpine3.9 (alpine 3.9.2)
===================================
Total: 1 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 1, HIGH: 0, CRITICAL: 0)

+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| openssl | CVE-2019-1543 | MEDIUM | 1.1.1a-r1 | 1.1.1b-r1 | openssl: ChaCha20-Poly1305 |
| | | | | | with long nonces |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+------------------- -------------+

Examples

Scan an image
Simply specify an image name (and a tag).

$ trivy knqyf263/vuln-image:1.2.3

Result

2019-05-16T12:58:55.967+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-16T12:59:03.150+0900 INFO Detecting Alpine vulnerabilities...
2019-05-16T12:59:03.156+0900 INFO Updating bundler Security DB...
2019-05-16T12:59:04.941+0900 INFO Detecting bundler vulnerabilities...
2019-05-16T12:59:04.942+0900 INFO Updating cargo Security DB...
2019-05-16T12:59:05.967+0900 INFO Detecting cargo vulnerabilities...
2019-05-16T12:59:05.967+0900 INFO Updating composer Security DB...
2019-05-16T12:59:07.834+0900 INFO Detecting composer vulnerabilities...
2019-05-16T12:59:07.834+0900 INFO Updating npm Security DB...
2019-05-16T12:59:10.285+0900 INFO Detecting npm vulnerabilities...
2019-05-16T12:59:10.285+0900 INFO Updating pipenv Security DB...
2019-05-16T12:59:11.487+0900 INFO Detecting pipenv vulnerabilities...

knqyf263/vuln-image:1.2.3 (alpine 3.7.1)
===== ===================================
Total: 26 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 3, MEDIUM: 16, HIGH: 5, CRITICAL: 2)

+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| curl | CVE-2018-14618 | CRITICAL | 7.61.0-r0 | 7.61.1-r0 | curl: NTLM password overflow |
| | | | | | via integer overflow |
+ +------------------+----------+ +---------------+----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-16839 | HIGH | | 7.61.1-r1 | curl: Integer overflow leading |
| | | | | | to heap-based buffer overflow in |
| | | | | | Curl_sasl_create_plain_message() |
+ +------------------+ + +---------------+----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3822 | | | 7.61.1-r2 | curl: NTLMv2 type-3 header |
| | | | | | stack buffer overflow |
+ +------------------+ + +---------------+----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-16840 | | | 7.61.1-r1 | curl: Use-after-free when |
| | | | | | closing "easy" handle in |
| | | | | | Curl_close() |
+ +------------------+----------+ + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-16842 | MEDIUM | | | curl: Heap-based buffer |
| | | | | | over-read in the curl tool |
| | | | | | warning formatting |
+ +------------------+ + +---------------+----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-16890 | | | 7.61.1-r2 | curl: NTLM type-2 heap |
| | | | | | out-of-bounds buffer read |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3823 | | | | curl: SMTP end-of-response |
| | | | | | out-of-bounds read |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| git | CVE-2018-17456 | HIGH | 2.15.2-r0 | 2.15.3-r0 | git: arbitrary code execution |
| | | | | | via .gitmodules |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-19486 | | | | git: Improper handling of |
| | | | | | PATH allows for commands to be |
| | | | | | executed from... |
+---------+-- ----------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| libssh2 | CVE-2019-3855 | CRITICAL | 1.8.0-r2 | 1.8.1-r0 | libssh2: Integer overflow in |
| | | | | | transport read resulting in |
| | | | | | out of bounds write... |
+ +------------------+----------+ + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3859 | MEDIUM | | | libssh2: Unchecked use of |
| | | | | | _libssh2_packet_require and |
| | | | | | _libssh2_packet_requirev |
| | | | | | resulting in out-of-bounds |
| | | | | | read |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3858 | | | | libssh2: Zero-byte allocation |
| | | | | | with a specially crafted SFTP |
| | | | | | packed leading to an... |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3863 | | | | libssh2: Integer overflow |
| | | | | | in user authenticate |
| | | | | | keyboard interactive allows |
| | | | | | out-of-bounds writes |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3862 | | | | libssh2: Out-of-bounds memory |
| | | | | | comparison with specially |
| | | | | | crafted message channel |
| | | | | | request |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3860 | | | | l ibssh2: Out-of-bounds reads |
| | | | | | with specially crafted SFTP |
| | | | | | packets |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3857 | | | | libssh2: Integer overflow in |
| | | | | | SSH packet processing channel |
| | | | | | resulting in out of... |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3861 | | | | libssh2: Out-of-bounds reads |
| | | | | | with specially crafted SSH |
| | | | | | packets |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3856 | | | | libssh2: Integer overflow in |
| | | | | | keyboard interactive handling |
| | | | | | resulting in out of bounds... |
+---------+------------------+ +-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| libxml2 | CVE-2018-14567 | | 2.9.7-r0 | 2.9.8-r1 | libxml2: Infinite loop when |
| | | | | | --with-lzma is used allows for |
| | | | | | denial of service... |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-14404 | | | | libxml2: NULL pointer |
| | | | | | dereference in |
| | | | | | xpath.c:xmlXPathCompOpEval() |
| | | | | | can allow attackers to cause |
| | | | | | a... |
+ +------------------+- ---------+ + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-9251 | LOW | | | libxml2: infinite loop in |
| | | | | | xz_decomp function in xzlib.c |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| openssh | CVE-2019-6109 | MEDIUM | 7.5_p1-r9 | 7.5_p1-r10 | openssh: Missing character |
| | | | | | encoding in progress display |
| | | | | | allows for spoofing of scp... |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-6111 | | | | openssh: Impro per validation |
| | | | | | of object names allows |
| | | | | | malicious server to overwrite |
| | | | | | files... |
+ +------------------+----------+ + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-20685 | LOW | | | openssh: scp client improper |
| | | | | | directory name validation |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| sqlite | CVE-2018-20346 | MEDIUM | 3.21.0-r1 | 3.25.3-r0 | sqlite: Multiple flaws in |
| | | | | | sqlite which can be triggered |
| | | | | | via corrupted internal... |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| tar | CVE-2018-20482 | LOW | 1.29-r1 | 1.31-r0 | tar: Infinite read loop in |
| | | | | | sparse_dump_region function in |
| | | | | | sparse.c |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+

ruby-app/Gemfile.lock
=====================
Total: 1 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 1, HIGH: 0, CRITICAL: 0)

+----------------------+------------------+----------+-------------------+----------- ----+--------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+----------------------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| rails-html-sanitizer | CVE-2018-3741 | MEDIUM | 1.0.3 | >= 1.0.4 | rubygem-rails-html-sanitizer: |
| | | | | | non-whitelisted attributes |
| | | | | | are present in sanitized |
| | | | | | output when input with |
| | | | | | specially-crafted... |
+----------------------+------------------+----------+- ------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+

rust-app/Cargo.lock
===================
Total: 3 (UNKNOWN: 3, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 0, HIGH: 0, CRITICAL: 0)

+---------+-------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+---------+-------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| ammonia | RUSTSEC-2019-0001 | UNKNOWN | 1.9.0 | >= 2.1.0 | Uncontrolled recursion leads |
| | | | | | to abort in HTML serialization |
+---------+-------------------+ +-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| openssl | RUSTSEC-2016-0001 | | 0.8.3 | >= 0.9.0 | SSL/TLS MitM vulne rability due |
| | | | | | to insecure defaults |
+ +-------------------+ + +---------------+--------------------------------+
| | RUSTSEC-2018-0010 | | | >= 0.10.9 | Use after free in CMS Signing |
+---------+-------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+

php-app/composer.lock
=====================
Total: 1 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 1, HIGH: 0, CRITICAL: 0)

+-------------------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------------+--------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+-------------------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------------+--------------------------- -----+
| guzzlehttp/guzzle | CVE-2016-5385 | MEDIUM | 6.2.0 | 6.2.1, 4.2.4, 5.3.1 | PHP: sets environmental |
| | | | | | variable based on user |
| | | | | | supplied Proxy request header |
+-------------------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------------+--------------------------------+

node-app/package-lock.json
==========================
Total: 4 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 3, HIGH: 1, CRITICAL: 0)

+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+---------------- ----------------+
| jquery | CVE-2019-5428 | MEDIUM | 3.3.9 | >=3.4.0 | Modification of |
| | | | | | Assumed-Immutable Data (MAID) |
+ +------------------+ + + +--------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-11358 | | | | js-jquery: prototype pollution |
| | | | | | in object's prototype leading |
| | | | | | to denial of service or... |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| lodash | CVE-2018-16487 | HIGH | 4.17.4 | >=4.17.11 | lodash: Prototype pollution in |
| | | | | | utilities function |
+ +------------------+----------+ +---------------+ +
| | CVE-2018-3721 | MEDIUM | | >=4.17.5 | |
| | | | | | |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+

python-app/Pipfile.lock
=======================
Total: 1 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 1, HIGH: 0, CRITICAL: 0)

+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+------------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+------------------------------------+
| django | CVE-2019-6975 | MEDIUM | 2.0.9 | 2.0.11 | python-django: |
| | | | | | memory exhaustion in |
| | | | | | django.utils.numberformat.format() |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+------------------------------------+

Scan an image file

$ docker save ruby:2.3.0-alpine3.9 -o ruby-2.3.0.tar
$ trivy --input ruby-2.3.0.tar

Result

2019-05-16T12:45:57.332+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-16T12:45:59.119+0900 INFO Detecting Debian vulnerabilities...

ruby-2.3.0.tar (debian 8.4)
===========================
Total: 7447 (UNKNOWN: 5, LOW: 326, MEDIUM: 5695, HIGH: 1316, CRITICAL: 105)

+------------------------------+---------------------+----------+----------------------------+----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+------------------------------+---------------------+----------+----------------------------+----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| apt | CVE-2019-3462 | CRITICAL | 1.0.9.8.3 | 1.0.9.8.5 | Incorrect sanitation of the |
| | | | | | 302 redirect field in HTTP |
| | | | | | transport method of... |
+ +---------------------+----------+ +----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2016-1252 | MEDIUM | | 1.0.9.8.4 | The apt package in Debian |
| | | | | | jessie before 1.0.9.8.4, in |
| | | | | | Debian unstable before... |
+ +---------------------+----------+ +----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2011-3374 | LOW | | | |
+------------------------------+---------------------+----------+----------------------------+----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| bash | CVE-2016-7543 | HIGH | 4.3-11 | 4.3-11+deb8u1 | bash: Specially crafted |
| | | | | | SHELLOPTS+PS4 variables allows |
| | | | | | command substitution |
+ +---------------------+ + +----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-9924 | | | 4.3-11+deb8u2 | bash: BASH_CMD is writable in |
| | | | | | restricted bash shells |
+ +---------------------+----------+ +----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2016-0634 | MEDIUM | | 4.3-11+deb8u1 | bash: Arbitrary code execution |
| | | | | | via malicious hostname |
+ +---------------------+----------+ +----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2016-9401 | LOW | | 4.3-11+deb8u2 | bash: popd controlled free |
+ +---------------------+ + +----------------------------------+--------------------- --------------------------------+
| | TEMP-0841856-B18BAF | | | | |
+------------------------------+---------------------+----------+----------------------------+----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------
...

Save the results as JSON

$ trivy -f json -o results.json golang:1.12-alpine

Result

2019-05-16T01:46:31.777+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-16T01:47:03.007+0900 INFO Detecting Alpine vulnerabilities...

JSON

[
{
"Target": "php-app/composer.lock",
"Vulnerabilities": null
},
{
"Target": "node-app/package-lock.json",
"Vulnerabilities": [
{
"VulnerabilityID": "CVE-2018-16487",
"PkgName": "lodash",
"InstalledVersion": "4.17.4",
"FixedVersion": "\u003e=4.17.11",
"Title": "lodash: Prototype pollution in utilities function",
"Description": "A prototype pollution vulnerability was found in lodash \u003c4.17.11 where the functions merge, mergeWith, and defaultsDeep can be tricked into adding or modifying properties of Object.prototype.",
"Severity": "HIGH",
"References": [
"https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-16487",
]
}
]
},
{
"Target": "trivy-ci-test (alpine 3.7.1)",
"Vulnerabilities": [
{
"VulnerabilityID": "CVE-2018-1 6840",
"PkgName": "curl",
"InstalledVersion": "7.61.0-r0",
"FixedVersion": "7.61.1-r1",
"Title": "curl: Use-after-free when closing \"easy\" handle in Curl_close()",
"Description": "A heap use-after-free flaw was found in curl versions from 7.59.0 through 7.61.1 in the code related to closing an easy handle. ",
"Severity": "HIGH",
"References": [
"https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-16840",
]
},
{
"VulnerabilityID": "CVE-2019-3822",
"PkgName": "curl",
"InstalledVersion": "7.61.0-r0",
"FixedVersion": "7.61.1-r2",
"Title": "curl: NTLMv2 type-3 header stack buffer overflow",
"Description": "libcurl versions from 7.36.0 to before 7.64.0 are vulnerable to a stack-based buffer overflow. ",
"Severity": "HIGH",
"References": [
"https:/ /curl.haxx.se/docs/CVE-2019-3822.html",
"https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/[email protected]%3Cdevnull.infra.apache.org%3E"
]
},
{
"VulnerabilityID": "CVE-2018-16839",
"PkgName": "curl",
"InstalledVersion": "7.61.0-r0",
"FixedVersion": "7.61.1-r1",
"Title": "curl: Integer overflow leading to heap-based buffer overflow in Curl_sasl_create_plain_message()",
"Description": "Curl versions 7.33.0 through 7.61.1 are vulnerable to a buffer overrun in the SASL authentication code that may lead to denial of service.",
"Severity": "HIGH",
"References": [
"https://github.com/curl/curl/commit/f3a24d7916b9173c69a3e0ee790102993833d6c5",
]
},
{
"VulnerabilityID": "CVE-2018-19486",
"PkgName": "git",
"InstalledVersion": "2.15.2-r0",
"FixedVersion": "2.15.3-r0",
"Title": "git: Improper handling of PATH allows for commands to be executed from the current directory",
"Description": "Git before 2.19.2 on Linux and UNIX executes commands from the current working directory (as if '.' were at the end of $PATH) in certain cases involving the run_command() API and run-command.c, because there was a dangerous change from execvp to execv during 2017.",
"Severity": "HIGH",
"References": [
"https://usn.ubuntu.com/3829-1/",
]
},
{
"VulnerabilityID": "CVE-2018-17456",
"PkgName": "git",
"InstalledVersion": "2.15.2-r0",
"FixedVersion": "2.15.3-r0",
"Title": "git: arbitrary code execution via .gitmodules",
"Description": "Git before 2.14.5, 2.15.x before 2.15.3, 2.16.x before 2.16.5, 2.17.x before 2.17.2, 2.18.x before 2.18.1, and 2.19.x before 2.19.1 allows remote code execution during processing of a recursive \"git clone\" of a superproject if a .gitmodules file has a URL field beginning with a '-' character.",
"Severity": "HIGH",
"References": [
"http://www.securitytracker.com/id/1041811",
]
}
]
},
{
"Target": "python-app/Pipfile.lock",
"Vulnerabilities": null
},
{
"Target": "ruby-app/Gemfile.lock",
"Vulnerabilities": null
},
{
"Target": "rust-app/Cargo.lock",
"Vulnerabilities": null
}
]

Filter the vulnerabilities by severities

$ trivy --severity HIGH,CRITICAL ruby:2.3.0

Result

2019-05-16T01:51:46.255+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-16T01:51:49.213+0900 INFO Detecting Debian vulnerabilities...

ruby:2.3.0 (debian 8.4)
=======================
Total: 1785 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 0, HIGH: 1680, CRITICAL: 105)

+-----------------------------+------------------+----------+---------------------------+----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+-----------------------------+------------------+----------+---------------------------+----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| apt | CVE-2019-3462 | CRITICAL | 1.0.9.8.3 | 1.0.9.8.5 | Incorrect sanitation of t he |
| | | | | | 302 redirect field in HTTP |
| | | | | | transport method of... |
+-----------------------------+------------------+----------+---------------------------+----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| bash | CVE-2019-9924 | HIGH | 4.3-11 | 4.3-11+deb8u2 | bash: BASH_CMD is writable in |
| | | | | | restricted bash shells |
+ +------------------+ + +----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2016-7543 | | | 4.3-11+deb8u1 | bash: Specially crafted |
| | | | | | SHELLOPTS+PS4 variables allows |
| | | | | | command substitution |
+-----------------------------+------------------+ +---------------------------+----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| binutils | CVE-2017-8421 | | 2.25-5 | | binutils: Memory exhaustion in |< br/>| | | | | | objdump via a crafted PE file |
+ +------------------+ + +----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2017-14930 | | | | binutils: Memory leak in |
| | | | | | decode_line_info |
+ +------------------+ + +----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2017-7614 | | | | binutils: NULL |
| | | | | | pointer dereference in |
| | | | | | bfd_elf_final_link function |
+ +------------------+ + +----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2014-9939 | | | | binutils: buffer overflow in |
| | | | | | ihex.c |
+ +------------------+ + +----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2017-13716 | | | | binutils: Memory leak with the |
| | | | | | C++ symbol demangler routine |
| | | | | | in libiberty |
+ +------------------+ + +----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-12699 | | | | binutils: heap-based buffer |
| | | | | | overflow in finish_stab in |
| | | | | | stabs.c |
+-----------------------------+------------------+ +---------------------------+----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| bsdutils | CVE-2015-5224 | | 2.25.2-6 | | util-linux: File name |
| | | | | | collision due to incorrect |
| | | | | | mkstemp use |
+ +------------------+ + +----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2016-2779 | | | | util-linux: runuser tty hijack |
| | | | | | via TIOCSTI ioctl |
+-----------------------------+------------------+----------+---------------------------+----------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+

Filter the vulnerabilities by type

$ trivy --vuln-type os ruby:2.3.0

Available values:

  • library
  • os

Result

2019-05-22T19:36:50.530+0200 [34mINFO[0m Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-22T19:36:51.681+0200 [34mINFO[0m Detecting Alpine vulnerabilities...
2019-05-22T19:36:51.685+0200 [34mINFO[0m Updating npm Security DB...
2019-05-22T19:36:52.389+0200 [34mINFO[0m Detecting npm vulnerabilities...
2019-05-22T19:36:52.390+0200 [34mINFO[0m Updating pipenv Security DB...
2019-05-22T19:36:53.406+0200 [34mINFO[0m Detecting pipenv vulnerabilities...

ruby:2.3.0 (debian 8.4)
Total: 4751 (UNKNOWN: 1, LOW: 150, MEDIUM: 3504, HIGH: 1013, CRITICAL: 83)

+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------- -----+----------------------------------+
| curl | CVE-2018-14618 | CRITICAL | 7.61.0-r0 | 7.61.1-r0 | curl: NTLM password overflow |
| | | | | | via integer overflow |
+ +------------------+----------+ +---------------+----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-16839 | HIGH | | 7.61.1-r1 | curl: Integer overflow leading |
| | | | | | to heap-based buffer overflow in |
| | | | | | Curl_sasl_create_plain_message() |
+ +------------------+ + +---------------+----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3822 | | | 7.61.1-r2 | curl: NTLMv2 type-3 header |
| | | | | | stack buffer overflow |
+ +------------------+ + +---------------+----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-16840 | | | 7.61.1-r1 | curl: Use-after-free when |
| | | | | | closing "easy" handle in |
| | | | | | Curl_close() |
+ +------------------+----------+ +---------------+----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3823 | MEDIUM | | 7.61.1-r2 | curl: SMTP end-of-response |
| | | | | | out-of-bounds read |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-16890 | | | | curl: NTLM type-2 heap |
| | | | | | out-of-bounds buffer read |
+ +------------------+ + +---------------+----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-16842 | | | 7.61.1-r1 | curl: Heap-based buffer |
| | | | | | over-read in the curl tool |
| | | | | | warning formatting |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| git | CVE-2018-17456 | HIGH | 2.15.2-r0 | 2.15.3-r0 | git: arbitrary code execution |
| | | | | | via .gitmodules |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-19486 | | | | git: Improper handling of |
| | | | | | PATH allows for commands to be |
| | | | | | executed from... |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| libssh2 | CVE-2019-3855 | CRITICAL | 1.8.0-r2 | 1.8.1-r0 | libssh2: Integer overflow in |
| | | | | | transport read resulting in |
| | | | | | out of bounds write... |
+ +------------------+----------+ + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3861 | MEDIUM | | | libssh2: Out-of-bounds reads |
| | | | | | with specially crafted SSH |
| | | | | | packets |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3857 | | | | libssh2: Integer overflow in |
| | | | | | SSH packet processing channel |
| | | | | | resulting in out of... |
+ +-------------- ----+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3856 | | | | libssh2: Integer overflow in |
| | | | | | keyboard interactive handling |
| | | | | | resulting in out of bounds... |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3863 | | | | libssh2: Integer overflow |
| | | | | | in user authenticate |
| | | | | | keyboard interactive allows |
| | | | | | out-of-b ounds writes |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3862 | | | | libssh2: Out-of-bounds memory |
| | | | | | comparison with specially |
| | | | | | crafted message channel |
| | | | | | request |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3860 | | | | libssh2: Out-of-bounds reads |
| | | | | | with specially crafted SFTP |
| | | | | | packets |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3858 | | | | libssh2: Zero-byte allocation |
| | | | | | with a specially crafted SFTP |
| | | | | | packed leading to an... |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-3859 | | | | libssh2: Unchecked use of |
| | | | | | _libssh2_packet_require and |
| | | | | | _libssh2_pack et_requirev |
| | | | | | resulting in out-of-bounds |
| | | | | | read |
+---------+------------------+ +-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| libxml2 | CVE-2018-14404 | | 2.9.7-r0 | 2.9.8-r1 | libxml2: NULL pointer |
| | | | | | dereference in |
| | | | | | xpath.c:xmlXPathCompOpEval() |
| | | | | | can allow attackers to cause |
| | | | | | a... |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-14567 | | | | libxml2: Infinite loop when |
| | | | | | --with-lzma is used allows for |
| | | | | | denial of service... |
+ +------------------+----------+ + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-9251 | LOW | | | libxml2: infinite loop in |
| | | | | | xz_decomp function in xzlib.c |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| openssh | CVE-2019-6109 | MEDIUM | 7.5_p1-r9 | 7.5_p1-r10 | openssh: Missing c haracter |
| | | | | | encoding in progress display |
| | | | | | allows for spoofing of scp... |
+ +------------------+ + + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2019-6111 | | | | openssh: Improper validation |
| | | | | | of object names allows |
| | | | | | malicious server to overwrite |
| | | | | | files... |
+ +------------------+----------+ + +----------------------------------+
| | CVE-2018-20685 | LOW | | | openssh: scp client improper |
| | | | | | directory name validation |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| sqlite | CVE-2018-20346 | MEDIUM | 3.21.0-r1 | 3.25.3-r0 | CVE-2018-20505 CVE-2018-20506 |
| | | | | | sqlite: Multiple flaws in |
| | | | | | sqlite which can be triggered |
| | | | | | via... |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+
| tar | CVE-2018-20482 | LOW | 1.29-r1 | 1.31-r0 | tar: Infinite read loop in |
| | | | | | sparse_dump_region function in |
| | | | | | sparse.c |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+----------------------------------+

Skip update of vulnerability DB
Trivy always updates its vulnerability database when it starts operating. This is usually fast, as it is a difference update. But if you want to skip even that, use the --skip-update option.

$ trivy --skip-update python:3.4-alpine3.9

Result

2019-05-16T12:48:08.703+0900 INFO Detecting Alpine vulnerabilities...

python:3.4-alpine3.9 (alpine 3.9.2)
===================================
Total: 1 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 1, HIGH: 0, CRITICAL: 0)

+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| openssl | CVE-2019-1543 | MEDIUM | 1.1.1a-r1 | 1.1.1b-r1 | openssl: ChaCha20-Poly1305 |
| | | | | | with long nonces |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+

Update only specified distributions
By default, Trivy always updates its vulnerability database for all distributions. Use the --only-update option if you want to name specified distributions to update.

$ trivy --only-update alpine,debian python:3.4-alpine3.9
$ trivy --only-update alpine python:3.4-alpine3.9

Result

2019-05-21T19:37:06.301+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-21T19:37:07.793+0900 INFO Updating alpine data...
2019-05-21T19:37:08.127+0900 INFO Detecting Alpine vulnerabilities...

python:3.4-alpine3.9 (alpine 3.9.2)
===================================
Total: 1 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 1, HIGH: 0, CRITICAL: 0)

+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| openssl | CVE-2019-1543 | MEDIUM | 1.1.1a-r1 | 1.1.1b-r1 | openssl: ChaCha20-Poly1305 |
| | | | | | with long nonces |
+---------+----------------- -+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+

Ignore unfixed vulnerabilities
By default, Trivy also detects unpatched/unfixed vulnerabilities. This means you can’t fix these vulnerabilities even if you update all packages. If you would like to ignore them, use the --ignore-unfixed option.

$ trivy --ignore-unfixed ruby:2.3.0

Result

2019-05-16T12:49:52.656+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-16T12:50:14.786+0900 INFO Detecting Debian vulnerabilities...

ruby:2.3.0 (debian 8.4)
=======================
Total: 4730 (UNKNOWN: 1, LOW: 145, MEDIUM: 3487, HIGH: 1014, CRITICAL: 83)

+------------------------------+------------------+----------+----------------------------+----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+------------------------------+------------------+----------+----------------------------+----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| apt | CVE-2019-3462 | CRITICAL | 1.0.9.8.3 | 1.0.9.8.5 | I ncorrect sanitation of the |
| | | | | | 302 redirect field in HTTP |
| | | | | | transport method of... |
+ +------------------+----------+ +----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2016-1252 | MEDIUM | | 1.0.9.8.4 | The apt package in Debian |
| | | | | | jessie before 1.0.9.8.4, in |
| | | | | | Debian unstable before... |
+------------------------------+------------------+----------+----------------------------+----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| bash | CVE-2019-9924 | HIGH | 4.3-11 | 4.3-11+deb8u2 | bash: BASH_CMD is writable in |
| | | | | | restricted bash shells |
+ +------------------+ + +----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2016-7543 | | | 4.3-11+deb8u1 | bash: Specially crafted |
| | | | | | SHELLOPTS+PS4 variables allows |
| | | | | | command substitution |
+ +------------------+----------+ + +-----------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2016-0634 | MEDIUM | | | bash: Arbitrary code execution |
| | | | | | via malicious hostname |
+ +------------------+----------+ +----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| | CVE-2016-9401 | LOW | | 4.3-11+deb8u2 | bash: popd controlled free |
+------------------------------+------------------+----------+----------------------------+----------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
...

Specify exit code
By default, Trivy exits with code 0 even when vulnerabilities are detected. Use the --exit-code option if you want to exit with a non-zero exit code.

$ trivy --exit-code 1 python:3.4-alpine3.9

Result

2019-05-16T12:51:43.500+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-16T12:52:00.387+0900 INFO Detecting Alpine vulnerabilities...

python:3.4-alpine3.9 (alpine 3.9.2)
===================================
Total: 1 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 1, HIGH: 0, CRITICAL: 0)

+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+
| openssl | CVE-2019-1543 | MEDIUM | 1.1.1a-r1 | 1.1.1b-r1 | openssl: ChaCha20-Poly1305 |
| | | | | | with long nonces |
+---------+------------------+----------+-------------------+---------------+------------------- -------------+

This option is useful for CI/CD. In the following example, the test will fail only when a critical vulnerability is found.

$ trivy --exit-code 0 --severity MEDIUM,HIGH ruby:2.3.0
$ trivy --exit-code 1 --severity CRITICAL ruby:2.3.0

Ignore the specified vulnerabilities
Use .trivyignore.

$ cat .trivyignore
# Accept the risk
CVE-2018-14618

# No impact in our settings
CVE-2019-1543

$ trivy python:3.4-alpine3.9

Result

2019-05-16T12:53:10.076+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-16T12:53:28.134+0900 INFO Detecting Alpine vulnerabilities...

python:3.4-alpine3.9 (alpine 3.9.2)
===================================
Total: 0 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 0, MEDIUM: 0, HIGH: 0, CRITICAL: 0)

Specify cache directory

$ trivy --cache-dir /tmp/trivy/ python:3.4-alpine3.9

Clear image caches
The --clear-cache option removes image caches. This option is useful if the image which has the same tag is updated (such as when using latest tag).

$ trivy --clear-cache python:3.7

Result

2019-05-16T12:55:24.749+0900 INFO Removing image caches...
2019-05-16T12:55:24.769+0900 INFO Updating vulnerability database...
2019-05-16T12:56:14.055+0900 INFO Detecting Debian vulnerabilities...

python:3.7 (debian 9.9)
=======================
Total: 3076 (UNKNOWN: 0, LOW: 127, MEDIUM: 2358, HIGH: 578, CRITICAL: 13)

+------------------------------+---------------------+----------+--------------------------+------------------+-------------------------------------------------------+
| LIBRARY | VULNERABILITY ID | SEVERITY | INSTALLED VERSION | FIXED VERSION | TITLE |
+------------------------------+---------------------+----------+--------------------------+------------------+-------------------------------------------------------+
| apt | CVE-2011-3374 | LOW | 1.4.9 | | |
+------------------------------+---------------------+ +--------------------------+------------------+-------------------------------------------------------+
| bash | TEMP-0841856-B18BAF | | 4.4-5 | | |
+------------------------------+---------------------+----------+--------------------------+------------------+-------------------------------------------------------+
...

Reset
The --reset option removes all caches and database. After this, it takes a long time as the vulnerability database needs to be rebuilt locally.

$ trivy --reset

Result

2019-05-16T13:05:31.935+0900 INFO Resetting...

Continuous Integration (CI)
Scan your image built in Travis CI/CircleCI. The test will fail if a vulnerability is found. When you don’t want to fail the test, specify --exit-code 0 .
Note: It will take a while for the first time (faster by cache after the second time).

Travis CI

$ cat .travis.yml
services:
- docker

env:
global:
- COMMIT=${TRAVIS_COMMIT::8}

before_install:
- docker build -t trivy-ci-test:${COMMIT} .
- export VERSION=$(curl --silent "https://api.github.com/repos/aquasecurity/trivy/releases/latest" | grep '"tag_name":' | sed -E 's/.*"v([^"]+)".*/\1/')
- wget https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy/releases/download/v${VERSION}/trivy_${VERSION}_Linux-64bit.tar.gz
- tar zxvf trivy_${VERSION}_Linux-64bit.tar.gz
script:
- ./trivy --exit-code 0 --severity HIGH --no-progress --auto-refresh trivy-ci-test:${COMMIT}
- ./trivy --exit-code 1 --severity CRITICAL --no-progress --auto-refresh trivy-ci-test:${COMMIT}
cache:
directories:
- $HOME/.cache/trivy

Example: https://travis-ci.org/aquasecurity/trivy-ci-test
Repository: https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy-ci-test

CircleCI

$ cat .circleci/config.yml
jobs:
build:
docker:
- image: docker:18.09-git
steps:
- checkout
- setup_remote_docker
- restore_cache:
key: vulnerability-db
- run:
name: Build image
command: docker build -t trivy-ci-test:${CIRCLE_SHA1} .
- run:
name: Install trivy
command: |
apk add --update curl
VERSION=$(
curl --silent "https://api.github.com/repos/aquasecurity/trivy/releases/latest" | \
grep '"tag_name":' | \
sed -E 's/.*"v([^"]+)".*/\1/'
)

wget https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy/releases/download/v${VERSION}/trivy_${VERSION}_Linux-64bit.tar.gz
tar zxvf trivy_${VERSION}_Linux-64bit.tar.gz
mv trivy /usr/local/bin
- run:
name: Scan the lo cal image with trivy
command: trivy --exit-code 0 --no-progress --auto-refresh trivy-ci-test:${CIRCLE_SHA1}
- save_cache:
key: vulnerability-db
paths:
- $HOME/.cache/trivy
workflows:
version: 2
release:
jobs:
- build

Example: https://circleci.com/gh/aquasecurity/trivy-ci-test
Repository: https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy-ci-test

Authorization for Private Docker Registry
Trivy can download images from private registry, without installing Docker and any 3rd party tools. That’s because it’s easy to run in a CI process.
All you have to do is install Trivy and set ENV vars. But, I can’t recommend using ENV vars in your local machine to you.

Docker Hub
Docker Hub needs TRIVY_AUTH_URL, TRIVY_USERNAME and TRIVY_PASSWORD. You don’t need to set ENV vars when download from public repository.

export TRIVY_AUTH_URL=https://registry.hub.docker.com
export TRIVY_USERNAME={DOCKERHUB_USERNAME}
export TRIVY_PASSWORD={DOCKERHUB_PASSWORD}

Amazon ECR (Elastic Container Registry)
Trivy uses AWS SDK. You don’t need to install aws CLI tool. You can use AWS CLI’s ENV Vars.

GCR (Google Container Registry)
Trivy uses Google Cloud SDK. You don’t need to install gcloud command.
If you want to use target project’s repository, you can settle via GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIAL.

# must set TRIVY_USERNAME empty char
export GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS=/path/to/credential.json

Self Hosted Registry (BasicAuth)
BasicAuth server needs TRIVY_USERNAME and TRIVY_PASSWORD.

export TRIVY_USERNAME={USERNAME}
export TRIVY_PASSWORD={PASSWORD}

# if you want to use 80 port, use NonSSL
export TRIVY_NON_SSL=true

Vulnerability Detection

OS Packages
The unfixed/unfixable vulnerabilities mean that the patch has not yet been provided on their distribution.

OS Supported Versions Target Packages Detection of unfixed vulnerabilities
Alpine Linux 2.2 – 2.7, 3.0 – 3.10 Installed by apk NO
Red Hat Universal Base Image 7, 8 Installed by yum/rpm YES
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6, 7, 8 Installed by yum/rpm YES
CentOS 6, 7 Installed by yum/rpm YES
Debian GNU/Linux wheezy, jessie, stretch, buster Installed by apt/apt-get/dpkg YES
Ubuntu 12.04, 14.04, 16.04, 18.04, 18.10, 19.04 Installed by apt/apt-get/dpkg YES

RHEL and CentOS package information is stored in a binary format, and Trivy uses the rpm executable to parse this information when scanning an image based on RHEL or CentOS. The Trivy container image includes rpm, and the installers include it as a dependency. If you installed the trivy binary using wget or curl, or if you build it from source, you will also need to ensure that rpm is available.

Application Dependencies
Trivy automatically detects the following files in the container and scans vulnerabilities in the application dependencies.

  • Gemfile.lock
  • Pipfile.lock
  • poetry.lock
  • composer.lock
  • package-lock.json
  • yarn.lock
  • Cargo.lock

The path of these files does not matter.
Example: https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy-ci-test/blob/master/Dockerfile

Data source

Usage

NAME:
trivy - A simple and comprehensive vulnerability scanner for containers
USAGE:
trivy [options] image_name
VERSION:
0.1.6
OPTIONS:
--format value, -f value format (table, json) (default: "table")
--input value, -i value input file path instead of image name
--severity value, -s value severities of vulnerabilities to be displayed (comma separated) (default: "UNKNOWN,LOW,MEDIUM,HIGH,CRITICAL")
--output value, -o value output file name
--exit-code value Exit code when vulnerabilities were found (default: 0)
--skip-update skip db update
--only-update value update db only specified distribution (comma separated)
--reset remove all caches and database
--clear-cache, -c clear image caches
--quiet, -q suppress progress bar and log output
--no-progress suppress progress bar
- -ignore-unfixed display only fixed vulnerabilities
--refresh refresh DB (usually used after version update of trivy)
--auto-refresh refresh DB automatically when updating version of trivy
--debug, -d debug mode
--vuln-type value comma-separated list of vulnerability types (os,library) (default: "os,library")
--cache-dir value cache directory (default: "/path/to/cache")
--help, -h show help
--version, -v print the version

Migration
On 19 August 2019, Trivy’s repositories moved from knqyf263/trivy to aquasecurity/trivy. If you previously installed Trivy you should update any scripts or package manager records as described in this section.

Overview
If you have a script that installs Trivy (for example into your CI pipelines) you should update it to obtain it from the new location by replacing knqyf263/trivy with aquasecurity/trivy.
For example:

# Before
$ wget https://github.com/knqyf263/trivy/releases/download/v${VERSION}/trivy_${VERSION}_Linux-64bit.tar.gz

# After
$ wget https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy/releases/download/v${VERSION}/trivy_${VERSION}_Linux-64bit.tar.gz

CentOS/RedHat
Use https://aquasecurity.github.io instead of https://knqyf263.github.io.

$ yum remove trivy
$ sed -i s/knqyf263/aquasecurity/g /etc/yum.repos.d/trivy.repo
$ yum update
$ yum install trivy

Debian/Ubuntu
Use https://aquasecurity.github.io instead of https://knqyf263.github.io.

$ apt-get remove --purge trivy
$ sed -i s/knqyf263/aquasecurity/g /etc/apt/sources.list.d/trivy.list
$ apt-get update
$ apt-get install trivy

Homebrew
Tap aquasecurity/trivy

$ brew uninstall --force trivy
$ brew untap knqyf263/trivy
$ brew install aquasecurity/trivy/trivy

Binary (Including Windows)
No need to fix.

Others

Detected version update of trivy. Please try again with –refresh option
Try again with --refresh option:

$ trivy --refresh alpine:3.9

Unknown error
Try again with --reset option:

$ trivy --reset

Credits

Author
Teppei Fukuda (knqyf263)